OMB to agencies: Start contractor reforms

Federal agencies must cut seven percent from contracts by 2011

White House officials today asked federal agencies to trim seven percent from their contracting budgets by Sept. 30, 2011, beef up their reporting on contractor performance and reduce their reliance on high-risk contracts.

The Office of Management and Budget released three memos on acquisition and contracting to achieve those goals. The broader target is to attain $40 billion in savings from a total federal contracting budget of more than $500 billion a year.

“Too much money is spent on too many wasteful contracts, and too many contracts are awarded with too little competition,” OMB Director Peter Orszag said in a statement. “We are taking steps that are effective immediately to change the culture of government contracting, putting the focus on providing the best services for the taxpayers.”

For Stan Soloway's analysis of the memos, click here.

The first memo directs federal agencies to decrease by 3.5 percent their baseline contracts in fiscal 2010 and another 3.5 percent in fiscal 2011. Directors who have recently started paring budgets can include those savings. “Agencies that have recently announced or commenced acquisition reforms may count those savings in these reforms in meeting the seven percent target,” the memo issued today states.

Agencies can save money by eliminating contracts that are no longer needed, leveraging their buying authority, utilizing technology, developing strategic approaches, re-engineering businesses process or other means, the memo said.

In addition, agencies must reduce by 10 percent, in comparison to the fiscal 2008 baseline, their use of high-risk contracts, which are defined as noncompetitive contracts, cost-reimbursement contracts and others.

The second guidance issued today advises federal agencies on improving their workforce management to achieve the best balance of public and contractor employees.

Jeffrey Liebman, executive associate director of OMB, said in a conference call that the goal is to reduce “over-reliance on contractors” and “restore balance” in the federal employee/contractor workforce. Liebman said professional services contracts are more apt to indicate over-reliance because the work being performed is sometimes very similar to what federal workers are doing.

The third OMB memo states that agency contracting officials will be required to electronically submit contractor-performance reports to the Past Performance Information Retrieval System, which is an online database used by government officials to track contractor performance. The information in the database is not available to the public.

Starting Feb. 1, 2010, the Office of Federal Procurement Policy will begin monitoring agency compliance with the performance requirement.“We will hold agencies accountable,” Liebman said.

The OMB memoranda are based on principles outlined by President Barack Obama in a March 4 memo intended to help restore accountability in government, save money for taxpayers, and reduce over-reliance on contractors.

Federal contractor spending more than doubled between 2002 and 2008, to $500 million. The amount that was obligated in noncompetitive contracts increased to $188 billion, from $82 billion, during the same period.

OMB said it would issue additional contracting guidance in September focusing on “maximizing competition, choosing appropriate contract types, building the capacity of the federal acquisition workforce, and clarifying when outsourcing is appropriate.”

About the Author

Alice Lipowicz is a staff writer covering government 2.0, homeland security and other IT policies for Federal Computer Week.

Reader Comments

Thu, Aug 6, 2009 Chris DC

The Big integrators brought this on themselves. Multiple hundred million dollar sole source contracts. Ridiculous wrap rates and a consistent focus on what grows revenue rather than solving the problem. Is the acquisition system at fault..absolutely, but the system has only failed because it has allowed the greed of the contracting community to drive wasteful behaviors. The contractors themsleves (not all, but some and some big ones) are the ones that drove this. How many of you know of a contractor who left a slot vacant rather than bringing on a qualified sub? How about one who only responded to fill rates and acccomplishing objectives a nebulous requirements after the government stepped in to re-compete. In my opinion to current system is far too tolerant of poor performance, but the answer is not longer source selections and rulebooks. What we need is shorter small contracts with rapid source selection that allows government to kick out the non-performers and hire the folks that deliver. I do agree the result of all this is likely more paperwork, higher barriers to entry and therefore more wasteful spending.

Fri, Jul 31, 2009

The contractors and contracting are not at the root of the problem, the procurement system is. Until the Federal Government starts thinking like a commercial enterprise (across agencies and department) it will continue to have senseless duplication of spending across the projects that are procured, this is particularly true when IT is involved. The procurement system must be totally overhauled to truly fix the problem.

Thu, Jul 30, 2009 Mike

The President wants to cut the belly out of the beast... With the contractors gone nothing will ever get done in the government...

Thu, Jul 30, 2009 Randy Alexandria, VA

I agree with the previous comments. If OMB/GOV agencies would spend one-fourth the effort on cleaning up their own backyards the agencies would save $billions (with a B). My folks work harder because they know they can be let go easily and it is my opinion that the converse is true of GOV workers - they know they ain't going nowhere, so why work hard. They even try to influence my people because they're making 'em "look bad by working hard."

Thu, Jul 30, 2009

Why is there an immediate presumption that only contractors are wasteful? This is akin to reacila profiling!!! I wonder many federal employees are either under-performing or performing well on wasteful projects? And it is a lot harder to stop those. Ever tried firing federal employees? While there is certainly waste on federal contracts, in my experience contractors tend to work harder and are more producive than federal employees, simply because of how they are incentivized. We should focus on cutting wasteful programs regardless of whether or not they are contracted.

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