A late-night deal avoided a partial government shutdown, the fifth such occasion this year.
The new year will require contractors to be proactive to stay competitive.
Industry leaders share their insights on what fiscal 2011 meant to them and their companies.
DOD's appetite for IT expected to be diminished, but still healthy
In one of several measures to increase what it calls operational efficiency, Lockheed Martin Information Systems and Global Solutions has trimmed its employee base by 250.
Federal IT spending requests are slightly ahead of 2011 levels with continuing resolutions and budget cuts competing with cybersecurity, cloud computing and mobile computing requirements, according to immixGroup.
Contractors saw a year of uncertainty and challenges, but there's relief that it wasn't worse.
The federal IT market will remain flat or decline slightly during the next five years. Where will the cuts come from?
With the economy still shaky and the 2012 elections still to get through, contractors can expect the uncertainty about the flow of spending to continue until at least 2013.
A smooth budget process isn't likely anytime soon, but agencies may be getting used to it.